996. ICU, it sounds heartbreaking. Easy and wealthy jobs are other people's, hard work is their own. Each person has his own life, but the life experience is different, the process and the result are also different. Change is everyone's opportunity and pursuit.
In the past, China would be beaten if it lagged behind; now, China would be strangled and punished if it lagged behind. China's backward chip technology will not only affect national life, but also affect China's national security. It is urgent to develop semiconductor chip technology in China, and the 996 problem in the work is unavoidable. Born in this era, we should have the responsibility of this era. At present, Chinese semiconductor people should catch up with the previous generation of semiconductor people and try to catch up with foreign chip technology. Only by catching up, can the chip design industry in China get rid of 996.
It is the duty of the country to safeguard its security, and the boundaries of science and technology are national boundaries, so as to realize industry's contribution to the country.
The first battle of the Sino-US trade war was the chip war, which was a precise blow to China's rise. Suddenly found that "fierce, my country" is still on the road. In 2018, the total amount of chips imported by China reached 312.058 billion US dollars (about 2 trillion RMB), while the revenue of chips design industry in mainland China was only 257.7 billion RMB, accounting for about 13% of the total amount of chips imported. Chips demand in China was heavily dependent on foreign imports.
Semiconductor chip technology is the basis of almost all modern technologies, improving people's lives and ensuring national economic growth; Semiconductor chip technology is used in communications, transportation, health care, commerce and national security. Therefore, semiconductor chip technology is the key technology to shape our national economy, create employment opportunities, technology leadership and national security.
National security is the responsibility of the people, and science and technology are national boundaries. Core era, new slogan. Protect the family and defend the country: either as a soldier carrying guns or as a chip.
President Xi Jinping said: "An era has a theme of the times, and a generation has a mission of a generation". At present, the mission of Chinese Semiconductors is to catch up with foreign chip technology and no longer be restricted by foreign countries. To realize the mission of this era, we must make more arduous efforts. In order to catch up with foreign semiconductor chip technology, overtime is a necessary condition, overtime is inevitable on the way to catch up with 996.
There is a duty called industry to serve the country. In 2017, Samsung ended Intel's 25-year dominance and became the world's largest semiconductor company. The reason why Samsung can create miracles and achieve the leading semiconductor technology is related to the continuing high-intensity work of Koreans. According to OECD statistics, South Koreans work far more hours a week than the average of 32.8 hours in OECD member countries. The times will not fail everyone who pays. Those who are willing to pay for Chinese semiconductor will not only rewrite their own destiny, but also rewrite the times and realize industry repaying the country.
Capital transfusion supports China's semiconductor chip industry, there is no reason not to struggle.
Semiconductor was invented by Americans, and the United States is still ahead of the world in the research, design and manufacture of advanced semiconductors. Data show that American Semiconductor Company contributed half of the world's $469 billion in semiconductor revenue in 2018. The semiconductor industry in the United States has invested heavily in its R&D to maintain its competitiveness and technological leadership. Nearly one fifth of its revenue is spent on R&D, reaching about $36 billion (about 250 billion yuan) in 2017.
If China's chip design industry relies on its own strength to invest in R&D, then the investment in chip design and R&D will be seriously inadequate. Not only can we not catch up, but the gap will widen. Fortunately, China's chip industry has institutional advantages and institutional advantages. It is reported that the large fund has completed the second stage of raising about 120 billion yuan, and the fund is expected to reach 150 billion yuan. According to the ratio of 1:3 leverage, the amount of social funds leveraged is about 450 billion yuan, plus the first stage of the large fund 138.7 billion yuan and the leveraged 514.5 billion yuan of social funds, the total amount of funds is nearly trillion yuan. In other words, big funds will direct trillions of capital to the integrated circuit industry, of which chip design industry accounts for about 20% (about 200 billion yuan).
The first-phase funds have been invested in more than three years, and the second-phase funds have been invested for at least six years. The total investment in China's integrated circuit industry will not exceed 17 million yuan each year, and the investment in chip design industry will not exceed 35 billion yuan. At present, there are more than 1600 chip design companies in mainland China, and each company is allocated about 20 million yuan each year. China mainland's profitable chip design companies do not exceed 10%, more than 90% of the companies rely on capital to transfuse blood. If these chip design companies can not make profits within five years, when can the state capital and social capital support? Once capital is unsustainable, many semiconductor workers will lose their jobs and many families will face difficulties or even break up. The biggest fear is not 996, but the lack of jobs in 996. Chinese Semiconductor people only have to work hard, endure high-intensity work, and use overtime time to exchange for the technological gap with foreign countries, because in addition to overtime, there is no choice, happiness is a struggle.
If there is a gap with foreign companies and a competition with domestic companies, they will win by fighting hard.
At present, China's chip design industry is really suffering, there is a gap with foreign companies, need to catch up with desperately; with domestic companies, need to compete with death.
To win the market, chip design companies need to be "fast, flexible and accurate". In order to catch up with foreign chip technology quickly, we should quickly respond to market changes, and quickly iterate to improve and upgrade chips. This challenging task lies on R&D designers. In addition to learning and improving their abilities, overtime is also necessary. In the process of chip research and development, we often face 996, and the research and development work is very hard. In the design of chip circuit, the performance of the circuit is usually confirmed by pre-simulation, and then the layout is made by pre-simulation, and the corresponding post-simulation is done. The simulation takes a long time and lasts for several hours. In the process of simulation, the design is constantly modified. The direction of modification depends on experience. Sometimes the direction of modification is wrong. After modification, the simulation result is worse, and the original design circuit needs to be modified in another direction. The whole design even has several iterations in front and back of the simulation. The whole process is painful. The most fearful thing is that after wafer casting back, the test performance index and reliability can not meet the design requirements. It is necessary to locate and analyze the problem, modify the design, re-simulate and re-cast the wafer to verify, sometimes it really makes people collapse.
In order to be competitive, chips need technological innovation, improve performance indicators, and control costs, while catching up with the performance of foreign chips, while coping with the price war of domestic companies, which is hard for outsiders to understand. As a chip developer and designer said, overtime is the most serious month without rest, overtime time time of 176 hours, this hard work can also bear, can not bear is the chip you want can not come out. Making chips sometimes relies on luck for three points and fighting for seven points to win.
When can China's chip design industry get rid of 996
Chip design in China basically follows foreign chips in product definition, specifications, performance indicators and packaging footholds. Semiconductor chip updates and iterations are fast, so Chinese chips have been catching up. If one day, Chinese chip design ability and product planning ability can surpass foreign companies, then Chinese chip design industry can get rid of 996; if we can improve and accelerate the development from the following four levels, then ten years later this day can be achieved.
Balanced Development of Professional Talents and Recruitment of Talents
To succeed, a chip design company needs professionals from all walks of life. In addition to chip design personnel, professional PM is the first choice, as well as production and operation personnel, testing professionals, quality control personnel, professional sales personnel.
Which part of the talent is not in place, which part of the company will go wrong. The barrel theory decides that companies cannot have short boards. However, the reality of China's chip design industry over-emphasizes on chip designers and sales personnel, and some local governments only see chip designers, thinking that with R&D designers, they can become successful chip design companies. The development and success of the company need all kinds of professionals. Balanced development of professionals is the right way.
It is also an urgent matter to recruit more outstanding talents to enter the chip design industry. Talents are the first resource and innovation is the first driving force. Only more talented people, more innovations and opportunities to achieve the leading chip technology can China's chip design industry get rid of 996.
PM-assisted chip research and development, less detours
If the chip design company lacks PM planning and management, R&D resources will be wasted, the ability of chip designers will not be effectively developed and improved, and the goal of chip research and development will be difficult to implement, and eventually fall into day-to-day overtime.
Professional PM can help chip developers to avoid detours. There are many performance indicators for chips, and R&D designers do not know which indicators customers are more sensitive to, which indicators are less sensitive to, or which functions different target markets care about. Only by understanding these and according to PM's proposal, chip designers can do a good job of trade off in the process of research and development, and avoid some meaningless overtime. Chip designers do not like to do the most thing is not 996, but they spend a lot of time and energy to make things that do not have customer needs, nor can they form technology accumulation and upgrading.
PM positioned the right product direction, established target market and sub-market, precisely defined products, formed focus, grasped market demand curve and market opportunity. Professional PM is the prerequisite for the success of chip companies. R&D and design talents are the basis for the success of chip companies. The effective cooperation between PM and R&D determines when China's chip design industry can get rid of 996.
Effective Running-in among Departments to Accelerate Collaboration
Running-in between different departments needs effective management, and the management of chip design companies is the most difficult. The differences in process and technology of chip products, and the professional requirements of different departments, lead to management challenges. Chip design involves packaging materials, packaging frameworks, substrates, wafer technology and manufacturing, chip packaging and testing, etc. Managers are required to have more knowledge and experience, or to find corresponding professional management personnel, rely on them to make management and decision-making, leading the company to make competitive chip products, to achieve technological catch-up.
To speed up collaboration, interdepartmental coordination needs to be smooth, and mutual understanding and integration between departments is necessary. Chip products in the company need to go through three stages: project and research and development stage, engineering samples and testing stage, production and sales stage. The coordination and conflict between project establishment and R&D stage are R&D and PM at most, and the main problems are the confirmation of performance indicators and R&D cycle; the coordination and conflict between project samples and test stage are R&D and operation at most; the problem is the confirmation of production information and the extension of production cycle of Engineering samples; the coordination and conflict between production and sales stage is sales and operation at most, and the problem is always production or production. Shortage or surplus.
Rapid collaboration and cooperation between departments will help the progress of chip design and development, accelerate chip iteration, accumulate design experience and improve the design level, and realize the catch-up of chip technology as soon as possible.
Improve R&D management ability and efficiency
Encourage what, often get what. Encouraging overtime may result in workload. Chip design companies should enhance their R&D management capabilities and enhance the effectiveness of chip designers.
Learn in work and work in study. China's chip design and R&D capabilities are enhanced by mutual promotion in work and learning. Therefore, the head of R&D department should not only understand technology, but also management, communication and coordination. The improvement of efficiency of chip design and R&D is based on chip design capability and R&D project management, and R&D project management embodies the idea of separating technology line from management line. There are two very important roles in chip project development, one is project manager, the other is the person in charge of chip design and R&D. Project managers import R&D IPD process and work assignment. Chip design and R&D leaders organize and manage R&D work.
The most critical point is to give those potential R&D novices an opportunity to help and train them to be the foundation and hope of the development of China's chip design industry. Their ability to enhance and strengthen can help the chip design industry get rid of 996 at an early date.
Sending words to the future
Life goes on, struggle goes on. As long as we Chinese semiconductor people make unremitting efforts, the future of China's semiconductor industry will be bright.
Chip wafer grinding dream, years of wind and rain are packaged well, nothing can stop, Chinese semiconductor people's yearning for "core" and pursuit of the road of great enthusiasm, if ten years later, our country's technology can rely on their own chips to build, from now on it will not lose its time.