As a powerful component of the operation system of scientific and technological innovation in China, economic development zones have also become an important grasp to cultivate new driving forces for economic growth and promote high-quality development. Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council chaired the executive meeting of the State Council on May 8 to deploy and promote the innovation and upgrading of national economic and technological development zones and create a new high ground for reform and opening up. He decided to continue the preferential income tax policies for integrated circuit and software enterprises and attract more domestic and foreign investment to participate in and promote the development of the information industry. The meeting pointed out that there are 219 national-level economic and technological development zones in China, with gross domestic product and fiscal revenue accounting for about 10% of the country's total, import and export trade and foreign capital utilization accounting for about 20%. The growth rate of the main indicators exceeds the national average, and there is a lot of new potential to be released at the same time. The conference deployed related work from four aspects: optimizing business environment; promoting innovation and development; improving the level of openness; and promoting industrial upgrading. In terms of optimizing the business environment, the conference said that it was in the forefront of promoting the reform of "release uniforms". We will simplify the examination and approval of investment projects, implement the system of tolerance and approval, and inform promises, etc. The results of investment promotion will be included in the assessment and incentive of the development zone. Facilitate entrepreneurs in household registration, enrollment of their children and venture capital. All localities should take the initiative to give greater autonomy to the reform of the economic development zones, release vitality and manage fairness.
In promoting innovation and development, the meeting pointed out that the opening zone should take the lead in putting the national science and technology innovation policy in place, and that the effectiveness of the policy can be significantly enhanced. Supporting the construction of national large-scale scientific experimental equipment and national scientific and technological innovation base. Income from transformed job-related inventions of scientific research institutes in the region shall be rewarded in cash to scientific and technological personnel involved in R&D, and the income from wages and salaries shall be reduced by 50% to pay personal income tax. Greater support will be given to the joint construction of talent training bases between Jingkai District and vocational colleges. In terms of improving the level of openness, the meeting stressed that private capital and foreign capital should be introduced into the opening zone to develop and operate characteristic industrial parks, and that Hong Kong and Macao, as well as foreign institutions, enterprises and capital should be encouraged to participate in the operation of international cooperation parks. Support the establishment of comprehensive bonded zones. We will support pilot projects such as capital account revenue and expenditure facilitation in economic development zones where conditions permit.
In promoting industrial upgrading, the meeting said that major national industrial projects should be prioritized in the regional layout. Implement the action of cultivating advanced manufacturing industry clusters and optimizing and upgrading modern service industries. Promote the "double innovation" level. Encourage all kinds of capital investment to develop digital economy. Zhang Chunxiao, a researcher of the National Administration College, analyzed the first financial and economic journalist. These contents put forward by the National Regular Conference are also the landing of the contents of the government work report. He pointed out that both the deployment of economic development zones and the development of emerging industries are an important part of building a modern economic system. In 2018, China has made great changes and efforts in the construction of innovation system.
A series of industrial policies launched by the state to support the real economy, especially for the development of emerging industries, the development of high-tech, transformation and upgrading, and the development of industries, have given different degrees of support. He said that this year is a year to promote high-quality development in an all-round way. These measures will help the further development of emerging industries, as well as the upgrading of traditional industries, and stimulate economic development zones that still have considerable room for development. In the view of Li Ke, Vice President of Saidi Research Institute and Saidi Consulting Co., Ltd. of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the important successful experience of China's economic development is the construction of national economic development zones. The government's grasp of the transformation and development of industrial parks can play a leading role in promoting industrial upgrading in China. On the specific industries, the State Council Executive Meeting on the 8th pointed out that the integrated circuit and software industries are strategic, basic and leading industries to support economic and social development. All kinds of ownership enterprises set up in China, including foreign-funded enterprises, implement inclusive tax reduction and fee reduction, attract all kinds of investment to participate in and promote the development of integrated circuit and software industries, which is conducive to promoting the optimization and upgrading of economic structure, and better meet the needs of high-quality development and high-quality life. Li Ke told reporters that integrated circuit industry and software industry are important parts of the new generation of information technology industry, and the development carrier of these industries is the national economic development zone. He believes that in the current economic environment, the more important thing for China is to adjust its industrial structure so as to promote high-quality economic development through innovation of key industries. One way to break the ice is to innovate and adjust.
At the end of last year, the Ministry of Commerce completed the assessment and evaluation of the comprehensive development level of the national economic and technological development zones in 2018, and made a comprehensive quantitative evaluation of the development of 219 national economic and technological development zones in terms of industrial foundation, technological innovation, regional driving, ecological environmental protection and administrative efficiency in 2017. In terms of scientific and technological innovation capability, the evaluation shows that by the end of 2017, the National Economic Development Zone has 18,000 high-tech enterprises, accounting for 13.8% of the country; has more than 400 national incubators and public space; and has 57 invention patents per 10,000 people. On the list, Suzhou Industrial Park, Guangzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone, Shanghai Caohejing Economic and Technological Development Zone and Shanghai Jinqiao Economic and Technological Development Zone are all important areas for the new momentum of urban economic development. Li Ke said that the government has been promoting the transformation of development zones and industries. And most of these top-ranked national economic development zones are located in economically developed areas, such as Suzhou, Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai and other national economic development zones are early established and long-term development. "National economic development zones are a point, but the industrial ecological environment of the whole region is also closely related, whether it is the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta or Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, they are all areas with strong economic strength, high efficiency and good industrial environment, so there are more national economic development zones in front of these places."